Defining Baramin by Cognitum

The word ‘cognitum’ comes from the Latin word ‘cognosco’ which means ‘know’ or ‘recognize’. Roger Sanders added the concept of Cognitum to Baraminology by defining it as a grouping of creatures that seem to naturally go together by use of the senses. However, this type of grouping can be both inside and outside of a created kind. For example, one would likely group all of the birds together because of their feathers, yet this is much greater in scope than a single kind. The general differences between cows, horses, and pigs would be enough evidence to the senses to tell that they belong to different kinds. Although imprecise, it does find usefulness where hybridization data is lacking.

Cognitum are not Taxonomic Units



There is no doubt that man likes to group and categorize things and the Cognitum concept is another tool for categorization. In a sense, the Cognitum Concept is a variation of the Adam Test where simple visual recognition of differences between plants and animals is used a basis for categorizing them. A cognitum simply shows that the individuals within the group have a common or shared characteristic such as bilateral symmetry, red feathers, or being omnivorous.

Lightning Bug Photo


Within this book, I am using a cognitum in place of higher level Taxa (primarily Class and Order) because they are terms people are familiar with. For example, the Class Reptilia are animals grouped together because of the common features of scales and lungs for breathing air. After that, the similarities start disappearing quickly. For example, consider the differences between the appearance of turtles and snakes.

It should be well understood that within Baraminology, a cognitum is not a classification unit – it is only a grouping of animals, plants, fungus, etc. by a common feature.

Dinoflaggelate in Water

Pyrodiniot bahamenim

For example, if I wanted a bioluminescent (glow in the dark) cognitum it would include microscopic dinoflagellates, mushrooms, lightning bugs, and possibly the large flying Ropen of Papua New Guinea (I will leave it to the cryptozoologists to prove that last one). Even within evolutionary lineages, these items are far from one another, but as a cognitum they are grouped together because of their ability to biologically glow.

XXXVIF. Last Updated: 10/01/2016
Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

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