Comparing Variation within a Kind to Microevolution and Macroevolution

A good example of how scientific models, worldviews, and research all come together is found in the amount of genetic variation that is expected within the Creation and Evolution models. This topic is one that causes many heated debates on discussion forums and is made all the more complex because the general public will sometimes use different or more general definitions of these concepts than do the technical papers of scientists.

As with any of the definitions of evolution, microevolution and macroevolution describe change. More specifically, they describe an amount of change within a biological organism. The terms were first used, in German, in 1927 by entomologist Iurii Filipchenko. It was used and popularized a few years later, in English, by Dobzhansky’s work in developing the Modern Evolution Synthesis.

Variation and Macroevoution

Microevolution and Macroevolution currently have two distinct uses and definitions. The first set of definitions is composed of a more generic view of small scale changes and large scale changes. This is the definition most commonly used in public debates. The more formal and scientific definition is that microevolution involves changes that occur below the species level while macroevolution involves changes at or above the species level. This effectively means that any changes in taxonomic classification, including speciation, are considered macroevolution.

The amount of variation expected within Created Kinds works on a different scale. The taxonomic rank for Kind strongly averages near the Family level. All of the variation in the Created Kinds model is expected to appear below the Kind level as the taxonomic levels above the Kind are considered non-existent.

The confusion in discussion forums stems form the fact that the variation expected within a Kind overlaps the entire range of microevolution and a small part of macroevolution when using the technical definitions of the terms. It is further confused when the general definitions of small scale and large scale changes are discussed as being divided at the level of Kind which effectively moves the micro- and macro- evolution boundary from the Species level to roughly the Family level. Quite surprisingly, Creationists have sometimes said they agree with microevolution as changes that occur within a Kind and reject macroevolution as changes that would occur outside of a Kind. This is done to help discuss the amount of variation, but still surprising because using evolutionary terminology would imply evolutionary processes which the Creationist would not agree with.

It is not uncommon for evolutionists to claim that Evolution has been witnessed. Generally, what this really means is that variation within a species (such as bacteria developing antibiotic resistance) or possibly even speciation (such as a fish developing into recognizable lake and stream forms) has been witnessed. This is not proof of Evolution! This is because both the Creation and Evolution models allow for variation and speciation. Simply having variation does not state how it was produced. To prove one model or the other, one must look at what process caused the changes as the Evolution Model and the Creation Model expect (mostly) different processes to be involved.

Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

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