What Is Taxonomy and Classification?

Taxonomy is defined as a system or structure showing the relationships between different types of items. It comes from the Greek word τάξις ‘Taxis’ which means ‘arrangement’. It can be compared to a filing system. Within biology, it is a hierarchical arrangement of species within larger categories based on common characteristics. It traditionally studies the morphology (form and structure) of species. More recently, studies of behavior and genetics have also become common.

Classification is defined as the arrangement or grouping of species within taxonomic units. It can be compared to the process of placing items within a filing system.

Chart showing the Level of Created Kinds Averages Near the Taxonomic Level of Family

The Level of Created Kinds Averages Near the Taxonomic Level of Family

Although the term Baraminology did not exist in his time, Carolus Linnaeus was a believer who thought the Creator must have used an orderly system in creation. The modern, and now evolutionary, taxonomic system using binomial nomenclature is based on Linnaean taxonomy. He based his early work on characteristics and he tried to define a species / kind as organisms that could interbreed among themselves, but not with other organisms. Later he studied hybridization and realized that the species level was too narrow and suggested the Genus level might represent kinds.

It is worth noting, that at the time of Linnaeus, the words ‘species’ and ‘genus’ were used in the Latin Vulgate translation of the Scriptures in place of the Hebrew word ‘min’ or kind. It is this reason that he used those words in his classification. At that time, species and kind were basically synonymous. It was much later that the definition of species changed from being a kind to something much more specific. Instead of a rose species encompassing all roses, there were suddenly many individual rose species as it is used today.

Natanzera Classification System

A taxonomic system based on the concept of Created Kinds. While based on classical Linneaen classification, it removes the evolutionary assumptions and introduces the Baramin, Sabah, Avot, and Benim levels and the following chart compares the Linnaean Taxonomic Endings to the Natanzera Taxonoming Endings.

Methods for Delineating Baramin

Baraminology is defined as the study of Created Kinds and generally refers to the taxonomic studies made within a creationist framework. The field of Baraminology makes an attempt to determine what the original created kinds were as well as connect different species within a kind today. One method of this work deals with reproduction, which is a very strong indication that two plants or animals are related. A second method is statistical analysis of characteristics of the plants or animals to determine if they are similar. The statistical approach is not as strong for evidence, but is especially useful in working with fossils.

What are Lumpers and Splitters in Taxonomy?

Lumpers and Splitters are defined as individuals or methodologies that broadly or narrowly group together similar members into a species (or other taxonomic rank).

Last Updated: 2018-07-12
Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

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