What Is Evolutionism?

Evolutionism, not to be confused with the Theory of Evolution, is defined as a philosophical, and sometimes spiritual, belief or set of concepts and forces regarding the processes that shape and form life. It is a belief that, over billions of years, all life forms have evolved to their current form (from basic molecules to man) by means of natural processes which cannot be witnessed. It sometimes involves the belief that evolution is heading in a direction of improvement and, therefore, it becomes the goal or highest good and can drive morality and ethics in society. It is commonly associated with (but not necessary for) athiesm, agnosticism, and humanism.

The topic of Creationism is not a salvation issue. However, anything, like Evolutionism, that causes doubt or difficulty with understanding or believing Scripture is yet another stumbling block that inhibits a person from becoming a believer or a stronger believer.

At first glance, the concepts may look good, but if one studies the details, it becomes an impossible object.

At first glance, the concepts may look good, but if one studies the details, it becomes an impossible object.

Defining Evolution, the Theory of Evolution, and Evolutionism

Within the Creation and Evolution debate, many discussions turn chaotic because individuals do not understand the differences between the generic use of evolution, the scientific Theory of Evolution, and the philosophical beliefs of Evolutionism.

Comparing Variation within a Kind to Microevolution and Macroevolution

A good example of how scientific models, worldviews, and research all come together is found in the amount of genetic variation that is expected within the Creation and Evolution models. This topic is one that causes many heated debates on discussion forums and is made all the more complex because the general public will sometimes use different or more general definitions of these concepts than do the technical papers of scientists.

Fallacies of Evolution in Science

The Theory of Evolution requires certain base assumptions to be true for the theory to continue to work. If these basic assumptions are incorrect, then the entire Theory of Evolution does not work. Following are a few of the main objections that can be made with the Theory of Evolution.

Fallacies of Theistic Evolution

Theistic Evolution is a concept that tries to mix or find compromise between the ideas of a special creation and the concept of evolution. Generally speaking, the various forms of Theistic Evolution allow for a Creator who works through the process of evolution, including competition and natural selection, as a means of making plants, animals, and mankind. However, not only does theistic evolution contain all the problems of the Theory of Evolution, but it is also filled with problems, difficulties, and self-contradictions from a scriptural standpoint.


Naturalism has its base in the Natural Philosophy of the Greek Empire and it focused on the premise of nature existing without a god or, at most, with a distant god that may have started things but now does not interact with nature. It was a materialistic concept where physical matter, without anything spiritual, could produce all that exists. These concepts all but do away with a Creator and the possibility of a relationship with Him.

Eugenics and Neo-Eugenics Movements

The word ‘eugenics’ comes from the Greek language and literally means “good genes”. The formal Eugenics Movement formed around social Darwinism in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. It was based on the concept that some people are more evolved than others and promoted the search for finding the best and most evolved humans.

Scientific Theory of Evolution

What Is the Theory of Evolution?

The theory of evolution is a secular science model which suggests that all organisms have descended from a common ancestor. Through the processes of descent with modification and natural selection, the first molecules of life slowly became more complex and eventually brought about the plants and animals, including man, known today. The theory of evolution suggests that the first self-replicating molecules formed about 3.5 billion years ago. Then organisms went through a stage of diversification about 1 billion years ago. Later, man appeared about 1 million years ago.

Species Concepts in Evolution

By some counts, at least 22 different species concepts have been proposed within evolutionary circles. Each of them has their own benefits and problems which tend to be associated with the field of science for which they were made. A quick description of the more commonly encountered concepts will serve as an example.

Ring Species Concept

The Ring Species Concept is defined as a series of connected populations which spread around a geographic barrier where neighboring populations are able to interbreed but the distant populations that meet after the barrier are unable to interbreed. The basic idea was first suggested in the early 1900’s and the concept was formalized in the 1940’s. This idea was to show in a spatial dimension what is typically expected of evolution in a time dimension. Only a few species have been suggested as potential Ring Species, but with further study each has been found to not qualify as true Ring Species. Therefore, the Ring Species concept is an evolutionary idea lacking any proven examples.

Philosophy and Science

When dealing with topics that can be viewed both theologically and scientifically, one must be careful not to confuse the issues. It is not unusual to see the Theory of Evolution (a scientific inquiry) and Creationism (a belief) compared and discussed with almost chaotic results. Instead, Creationism should be compared with Evolutionism and scientific theories regarding Creation should be compared with scientific theories regarding Evolution. This helps maintain a balanced and fair examination of the topics being discussed.

Evolutionism suggests that man evolved from the same organisms as plants and animals. This implies that man is no different than the animals. It also implies a physical universe with nothing spiritual.

Animal Taxonomy according to Evolution

A look at the higher ranks in the classification of animals in the Theory of Evolution.

Plant Taxonomy According to Evolution

A look at the higher ranks in the classification of plants in the Theory of Evolution.

Last Updated: 2018-07-13
Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

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