What Is the Biological Sciences Evidence for Baramin?

The biological sciences are defined as study concerned with life and living organisms including physical structure, behavior, and physiology. Research in botany, zoology, anthropology, ecology, and genetics contains the underlying principles and evidence of baraminology and the Model of Created Kinds. Hybridization, when an animal or plant breeds with another species, is of particular interest because it demonstrates the amount of variation that can occur within a single kind.

Athropologist Looking at a Mixture of Ape and Human Skulls

Athropologist Looking at a Mixture of Ape and Human Skulls


Botany is the branch of science that studies the physical properties of plants. It is most commonly associated with flowering plants but it also includes algae, conifers, ferns, fungi, lichens, and mosses. The original plants were fully complex, fruit bearing, and reproducing after its own kind with no common ancestry or evolution involved. The fossil record of plants demonstrate a young earth only thousands of years old and the effects of a worldwide flood approximately 4,500 years ago. These are shown through the lack of transition fossils, polystrate fossils, tree ring chronology, desertification, the amount of Carbon-14 in all organisms, and what is known as the Cambrian Explosion.

Citrus Kind Hybrids

In Puerto Rico, a hybrid formed between two species in the genus of Citrus that is known as the Chironja. It is a hybrid between the china (a type of orange) and the tironja (a type of grapefruit). The resulting hybrid was appreciated because it was sweeter and easier to peel than a standard grapefruit. However, it was found to typically be infertile. Through methods of grafting, it has become an established food in some parts of the world. That they were able to hybridize shows that these two citrus fruits are from the same created kind.

Grass Kind Hybrids

Another intentional hybrid, which proved successful, is the grain called triticale. It was produce by mixing wheat, Triticum, and rye, Secale. This plant is not only fertile, but is now gaining popularity in cooking.


Zoology is the scientific study of animals including animal behavior, classification, relationship to environment, and anatomy. It includes both wild animals and domesticated animals used for food or work. The fossil record gives strong support for a special creation by the sudden appearance of complex life forms without intermediate kinds.

Camel Hybrids

One of the intentional hybrids is the making of a cama, a cross between a camel and a llama.

Cat Hybrids

Many hybrid examples can be found within the cat family, Felidae, as both small and large cats or wild and domesticated cats are found to hybridize.

Dolphin Hybrids

One interesting hybrid is the Wholphin. This is a cross between a dolphin, Tursiops, and a false killer whale, Pseudorca.

Horse Hybrids

The horse family also has a lot of hybridization including horses, donkeys, and zebras.


Anthropology is the study of mankind and cultures. It includes the sub-fields of biology, linguistics, society and culture, and archaeology. The evidence for creation in Anthropology includes the sudden appearance of well developed and complex languages, simultaneous existence with dinosaurs, and the lack of transitional fossils relating man to other organisms. Although minor external differences occur in appearance throughout the world, only one kind is known to exist.

Has the Anthropocene Epoch (Human Age) begun?

The phrase, Anthropocene Epoch, is only a few decades old and is not yet a formal geologic period. But debates continue as to when this Epoch should start such as in the recently published article, First Atomic Blast Proposed as Start of Anthropocene. Has a new age begun as evolutionists view it? Or has man always been the main component in history as Creationists would view it?

Nebraska Man and the Scopes Trial

The fossil tooth that became known as Nebraska Man has been given much attention in the creation / evolution debate. It has also been given some publicity in several movies over the last few decades. Sadly, much of what is presented is misinformation about the topic and makes a good example of how people can accidentally or intentionally misunderstand or misrepresent the facts.

Response to News Articles

Did an Asteroid Kill European Dinosaurs 66 Million Years Ago?

Science Daily produced this article “Dinosaurs wiped out rapidly in Europe 66 million years ago” on Jan. 13, 2015. This is a slight twist or addition to a familiar evolutionary explanation for the extinction of dinosaurs that adds the death of European dinosaurs to the same time of death as American dinosaurs. The primary theme involves the Chicxulub (pronounced cheek-she-loob) asteroid which struck the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. The resulting catastrophe, much like the concept of a nuclear winter, was supposedly the agent that killed the dinosaurs. But was it?

Have Scientists Explained Soft Tissue on Dinosaur Fossils?

Within the Creation and Evolution debate, anything that is strong evidence for a young earth is a matter evolutionists take seriously – in short, they are driven to find a way to explain it away. In recent years, one of the strong evidences has been the finding of soft tissues still preserved on dinosaur fossils. Scientists have been at a loss to answer how tissue could survive for 60 million years (the age which they claim dinosaurs disappeared from history). Recently, Mary Schweitzer has suggested that iron could act as a preservative on soft tissues. Is this really so?

Sulfurous Bacteria – the Largest Gap of Non-Evolution Yet

Scientists studying sulfurous bacteria specimens collected off the coast of Chile have found they are indistinguishable from preserved specimens found in Australian rocks that are dated 2.3 and 1.8 billion years old. This includes having similar shape and chemistry.

Is Aegirocassis Benmoulae an Arthropod Transition?

A fossil, called Aegirocassis benmoulae, has been suggested as an arthropod transitional form , but it shows no evolution, just a complete large animal.

Last Update: 2018-07-11
Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

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