Evidence for Creation in Botany

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Botany is the branch of science that studies the physical properties of plants. It is most commonly associated with flowering plants but it also includes algae, conifers, ferns, fungi, lichens, and mosses. Botany includes many subdivisions of scientific study. Plant morphology examines the structure and form of plants. Plant physiology considers the function and chemistry of plants. Plant ecology focuses on the interactions a plant has with its environment and other organisms. Plant systematics works at identifying and classifying plants in ranks. The botanical sciences are used heavily in many fields including agriculture, horticulture, and forestry.

Botany in the Physical Sciences

When applied to botany, the physical sciences of physics and chemistry reveal that plants are complex organisms with a substantial impact regarding life. Perhaps most important is the chlorophyll molecule which converts and processes solar energy into other, more usable, forms of energy including food. Furthermore, in that process, the plants use up the carbon dioxide (CO2) in the air, which is harmful to life, and then releases oxygen (O2) which is necessary to life. Other physical and chemical properties of plants make them useful not only for food, but also for shelter, clothing, ornament, and tools. Plants have not been found anywhere in the universe outside of the Earth.

Botany in the Earth Sciences

The abundance and variety of plants found in an area depends heavily on the weather, landscape, and available water found within that region. The climate of the area includes temperature and precipitation changes that range through tropical, temperate, desert, and arctic conditions. The geology of the area involves the elevation from lowland to mountain top as well as the soil type that ranges from acidic to alkaline or from clay to sand. Water sources can vary from freshwater to saltwater environments and includes dew, rainfall, seasonal or permanent rivers, lakes, seas, and oceans. The abundance or lack of plants within a region can also produce effects and changes to the weather, land, and water locally or globally.

Botany in the Biological Sciences

Plants are typically complex organisms with a variety of systems and functions. These systems include some type of structure for gathering nutrients (roots), gathering energy (leaf), and reproduction (seeds and spores). Plant taxonomy uses physical characteristics, such as similar flower structure or chemical compounds, to group plants together into families and divisions. All life on earth is dependent on plants as a food source either directly for herbivores and omnivores or indirectly for carnivores and scavengers which eat herbivores.

Botany in Creation

Plants were spoken into being on the third day of creation directly by the Almighty. The original plants were fully complex, fruit bearing, and reproducing after its own kind with no common ancestry or evolution involved. The study of these original kinds is called Baraminology. Plants are not considered to be alive but were given as food for animals and people which are alive. The fossil record of plants demonstrate a young earth only thousands of years old and the effects of a worldwide flood approximately 4,500 years ago. These are shown through the lack of transition fossils, polystrate fossils, tree ring chronology, desertification, the amount of Carbon-14 in all organisms, and what is known as the Cambrian Explosion.

Exploring Plant Hybrids


Citrus Kind Hybrids

In Puerto Rico, a hybrid formed between two species in the genus of Citrus that is known as the Chironja. It is a hybrid between the china (a type of orange) and the tironja (a type of grapefruit). The resulting hybrid was appreciated because it was sweeter and easier to peel than a standard grapefruit. However, it was found to typically be infertile. Through methods of grafting, it has become an established food in some parts of the world. That they were able to hybridize shows that these two citrus fruits are from the same created kind.

Grass Kind Hybrids

Another intentional hybrid, which proved successful, is the grain called triticale. It was produce by mixing wheat, Triticum, and rye, Secale. This plant is not only fertile, but is now gaining popularity in cooking.

Last Updated: 06 / 2017
Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

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