Animal Baramins

Animals are generally defined by have having eukaryotic cells (containing a nucleus), ingesting food rather than producing it, lacking cell walls so cells can join together to form tissues and organs, and the capability of motion.

Ark Kinds

Much of the attention in the study of Created Kinds has occurred with animals as there is a special interest in determining the Kinds that would have been on the Ark during the flood. This usually focuses on species that are still alive today and ignores species known only from fossils.

Vertebrates

Bird Kinds

Birds are defined as creatures with feathers, wings, and a beak. They are warm-blooded, lay eggs, usually build nests, and most are able to fly.

Mammal Kinds

Mammals are a grouping of animals with the common feature of feeding milk to the young. They also have a skeleton made of bones, are warm-blooded, most have fur and teeth, most have live birth (a few lay eggs), and they generally care for the young until they can care for themselves.

Reptile Kinds

Reptiles are identified as animals containing scales and breathing air through lungs. They have bony skeletons and are ectothermic (cold-blooded). Most lay eggs on land although a few give live birth. They are primarily adapted for terrestrial environments, but some also take advantage of aquatic regions. The major groupings within the reptile cognitum are turtles, snakes, lizards, crocodiles, and most dinosaurs.

Amphibian Kinds

The Amphibian cognitum is generally defined as creatures with an aquatic larval stage with gills followed by a terrestrial adult stage with lungs (although variations do occur). They typically have smooth and scaleless skin which is used for respiration and gas exchange. Usually, they are tetrapods (having 4 feet), but they may also have reduced or absent appendages. Amphibians have bony skeletons, are ectothermic (cold-blooded), and have smooth skin (no scales). They have non-amniotic eggs and therefore require water to keep the eggs moist.

Fish Kinds

Fish are defined as aquatic creatures with gills and fins. They are cold-blooded, often have scales, and most lay eggs.

Invertebrates

Invertebrate Banner

Arthropod Kinds

Arthropods are defined as invertebrate creatures having an exoskeleton, segmented bodies, and jointed appendages.

Difficulties in Evolutionary Animal Taxonomy

The Amniotic Egg

Within the Model of Evolutionism, there are difficulties connecting the reptiles, mammals, and birds. Their primary approach to this difficulty is to connect them through the use of the amniotic egg – one that is surrounded by fluid whether in a womb or in a shell. This is opposed to the anamniotic egg which must remain in water to be protected and kept moist such as is used by fish and amphibians. It is not difficult, under the Model of Creationism to see that a common designer could use a common design for land animals and another design for aquatic animals.

The Tetrapods

There are also difficulties in connecting together all of the tetrapod group (animals with four feet) – most notably because not all of them have four feet. Snakes are well known for not having legs. There are also legless lizards. There are also Caecilians which are lesser-known legless amphibians.

Last Updated: 06 / 2017
Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

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