Reptile Classification in Baraminology

Iguana in Den

Reptiles are identified as animals containing scales and breathing air through lungs. They have bony skeletons and are ectothermic (cold-blooded). Most lay eggs although a few give live birth. They are primarily adapted for terrestrial environments, including all young are born on land, but some also take advantage of aquatic regions. The major groupings within the reptile cognitum are turtles, snakes, lizards, crocodiles, and most dinosaurs. As animals that would be included on Noah’s Ark, this cognitum has received more than average attention from baraminologists and, therefore, makes a good example for work being done in the field.

The following lists follow the current data and research using traditional taxonomic methods with an emphasis on hybridization, which results in a higher number of Kinds. Quite often, statistical baraminology will result in fewer numbers of Kinds. [For more information on this, please read Lumpers and Splitters.]

Lizard Kinds

Lizards are recognized as reptiles with a long body, tail, moveable eyelid, eardrum, and (usually) four legs. Most live on the ground, but some can be found in water, up in trees, or in burrows. They typically have claws on their toes (except the legless lizards) which can be used for climbing. They include the iguana, chameleons, geckos, burrowing, and worm lizards. There are a tentative 43 extant lizard Kinds.

Snake Kinds

The snake cognitum is recognized as a group of reptiles which are long, limbless, without eyelids, a short tail, and an ear without an eardrum. Evolutionary taxonomy has about 3,450 species in 24 families.

Turtle Kinds

Turtles are a grouping of reptiles (having scales and breathing air) in which the scales form a shell around much of the animal. As with most reptiles, turtles will lay eggs on land. Although breathing air, some species are well designed for aquatic living and have been designed with webbed feet and lightweight shells. Statistical studies have suggested possibly 5 kinds of turtles.

Crocodile Kinds

The crocodilian cognitum is recognized as reptiles with long flattened snouts and also with eyes, ears, and nostrils on top of the head for ease of use while swimming. They have a four-chambered heart and a unidirectional system of airflow through the lungs. They include alligators, caimans, crocodiles, and gharials.

Dinosaur Kinds

Dinosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles. Most were bipedal while some others were quadripedal. From an evolutionary standpoint, dinosaurs are an often misunderstood and misrepresented group. The word ‘dinosaur’ means terrible lizard, but dinosaurs are not truly considered to be lizards. Furthering the confusion are groups like the Pterosaurs and Plesiosaurs (think Loch Ness Monster) which are commonly thought of as dinosaurs, but which are themselves classified as other types of reptiles. In general, baraminology studies on fossil groups has been quite limited, so I will limit this section to one Kind which has been studied.

Tuatara Kinds

– Tuatara Kind G:1 S:1
Last Updated: 28/10/2016
Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

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