Amphibian Classification in Baraminology

Newt Swimming

The Amphibian cognitum is generally defined as creatures with an aquatic larval stage with gills followed by a terrestrial adult stage with lungs (although variations do occur). They typically have smooth and scaleless skin which is used for respiration and gas exchange. Usually, they are tetrapods (having 4 feet), but they may also have reduced or absent appendages. Amphibians have bony skeletons, are ectothermic (cold-blooded), and have smooth skin with no scales. They have non-amniotic eggs and therefore require water to keep the eggs moist.

Amphibian Groups

Puerto Rican Coqui

Frog Cognitum

The frog cognitum is an amphibian recognized by a stout body, lack of a tail, and long hind legs for leaping. Some members have a poisonous parotoid gland behind the head. This group includes both frogs and toads.

Salamander Cognitum

The salamander cognitum is an amphibian recognized by a cylindrical body, a tail, and (usually) two pairs of legs of about equal length. They might live most of their life in water, on land, or start as an aquatic larvae with a more terrestrial adulthood. There are about 600 species including both salamanders and newts.


Caecilian Cognitum

The caecilian cognitum is an amphibian recognized by a long, slender, and limbless body. It can be fully aquatic or burrow deep underground. It often has small or non-existent eyes. There are about 191 species.

XXXVIIIA. Last Updated: 14/01/2016
Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

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