• What Are the Ark Kinds?
  • What Are Plant Baramin?
  • What Are Animal Baramin?
  • What Are the Perspectives in the Creation and Evolution Debate?
  • What Are the Genesis Kinds?

Created Kinds

What are created kinds? The created kinds are defined as the plants and animals that were spoken into existence by the Creator. The concept of created kind is based on the biblical account of creation as found in the book of Genesis. Although common design elements may exist, each created kind is uniquely made and separate from the other kinds. They are designed to reproduce 'after thir kind' which limits how different the descendants could be from the parents. Therefore, there is no common ancestry between kinds and no evolutionary processes were involved.

Genesis Kinds

What are the genesis kinds? The genesis kinds are defined as the individual types of created kinds made during the creation week as described in the Bible. Plant kinds, animal kinds, and man kind were all spoken into existence by the Creator. As part of the creation account, certain attributes are distinguished with the different levels of creation such as the difference of body, soul, and spirit that are inherent in each kind. Man kind was given dominion over the earth and Adam was given the task of naming the animals. Due to the creation event, it is expected that man kind and dinosaur kinds co-existed.

Ark Kinds

What are the Ark Kinds? The ark kinds are defined as the individual types of created kinds that were saved from the destruction by passage on Noah's ark. The concept of the ark kinds is based on the biblical account of a worldwide flood as found in the book of Genesis. The ark kinds were composed of the land based and air breathing animals that would perish during a flood. The animals on the ark were representative of their individual kinds and would be the progenators of new populations on earth after the flood. The ark kinds were taken in pairs and are expected to have a broad genetic diversity which allowed for rapid speciation in the new enviornments which existed after the flood. In large part, the fossil record is a testament to the flood and a reminder of the varieties of plants and animals that existed before the flood.


What is baraminology? Baraminology is defined as the study of created kinds. The Model of Created Kinds is based on the genesis account of Creation. It includes no random generation of life fromnon-ife, kinds fully formed and fuctional with no primitive ancestors, and gaps between forms of both living and fossilized kinds. There is room for acclimation to environments and variation within a kind and a limit to the amount of change that can occur within descendenats. The limited amount of change is known as the fixity of kinds.

Discontinuity Systematics

What is discontinuity Systematics? Discontinuity systematics is defined as a biological classification system designed to establish the boundaries of common descent and the gaps between different types of plants and animals. Discontinuity systematics does not begin, need, or end with religious texts and, therefore, looks for evidence of gaps rather than trying to pre-suppose discontinuities. The discontinuity systematics model expects a phylogenetic disconinuity at or near the Family levle of classification, and therefore expects limits of common ancestry and a lack of intermediate fossils above this level. Many methods of study are possible including, but not limited to: cladistics, morphology, molecular, genetic, ecological, and statistical data. Baraminologists, who are studying created kinds based on the Bible, use this methodology in their studies so it is soemtimes confused with being a creation based, rather than intelligent design based, system.

Intelligent Design

What is intelligent Design? The intelligent design model states that complex systems could not arise from unintelligent natural processes and, therefore, an intelligent designer or cause is a better explanation of biological systems. Intelligent design does not try to state who or what the designer is, and therefore, is not based on religious texts. It seeks to find empirical evidence of design, such as information systems, that shows signs of intelligence. Intelligent design also expects to find specified and complex patterns that are unlikely to occur by chance which indicates some guidance in the formation. The intelligent design movement works with the "Teach the Controversy" campaign to try and ensure the problems and failings of evolution are given when the model of evolution is taught as well as the general failings of methodological naturalism prevalent in modern science.

Creation Orchard

Introduce a Baramin Taxonomy through the Natanzera Classification System with suggested Baramins from many different authors. Lumpers and Splitters are defined as individuals or methodologies that broadly or narrowly group together similar members into a species (or other taxonomic rank).

Animal and Plant Baramin

Comparing and contrasting various classification systems with an emphasis on the Natanzera Classification system. A taxonomic system based on the concept of Created Kinds. While based on classical Linneaen classification, it removes the evolutionary assumptions and introduces the Baramin, Sabah, Avot, and Benim levels.

Creation and Evolution Debate

The topic of Creationism is not a salvation issue. However, anything, like Evolutionism, that causes doubt or difficulty with understanding or believing Scripture is yet another stumbling block that inhibits a person from becoming a believer or a stronger believer. The fossil record, rather than showing gradual change, shows large gaps between types of creatures and shows the destructive power of the Flood. Both botany and zoology show the sudden appearance of complex life forms without intermediate kinds.

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