Science and Knowledge

Victorian Science

Science can refer to the knowledge gained from observation and experimentation or the process by which we gain that information. The word science comes from the Latin word ‘scientia’ which is translated as ‘knowledge’. This knowledge is based on things that can be observed with the senses and, therefore, deals with the physical world and universe. When studying a phenomena, quite often it is done with a model which explains the occurrence or event that has been witnessed. These models can come in many forms. These models are then tested through experimentation to see if the models are correct or not correct. The process by which a model is tested is the scientific method.

The Scientific Process

Science Models

The science model is a testable idea used to describe a phenomena. Models are based on a set of observations and made by finding patterns in what is observed. Generally, because a model works with patterns, it is capable of being applied to many similar situations. Science models need to be testable, falsifiable, or able to be disproved in some way.

The Scientific Method

The scientific method is a process by which models are made and carefully tested. The model generally first takes the form of a hypothesis or suggestion of how the phenomena under study occurs. After repeated testing which shows support for the hypothesis, it then becomes a theory with widespread acceptance as being accurate in many situations but still capable of being refined or changed with further testing. If a theory is found to be true and accurate in all situations in which it is involved, then it becomes a law. Very few hypotheses or theories make it to the status of a law.

Science and Worldviews

Worldviews and Pseudoscience

Worldviews are a concept or image of the universe and man’s relationship to it. Pseudoscience can be defined as an idea that is presented as scientific but which does not use the scientific method, lacks evidence, or cannot be tested. Pseudoscience is a term that is often used, and abused, by both sides of those involved with the Creation and Evolution debate.

There is No ‘War on Science’

The March 2015 edition of National Geographic has an article entitled ‘The Age of Disbelief’ and shows a cover mixing science, religion, and conspiracy theories. The article inside reads like someone on a rant. It contains logical fallacies. It uses fictional books and movies from popular culture as examples to prove a point. Is there really a war against science?

Limitation of Science

Science is based on what can physically be seen and observed. Therefore, great difficulties arise when studying events from the past. Generally, the model that forms is an interpretation of what a scientist thinks has happened. There may or may not be a way to directly test that model today. Often, the test for a model of the past comes in its ability to accurately predict what is happening today or in the near future.

Examples

Comparing Variation within a Kind to Microevolution and Macroevolution

A good example of how scientific models, worldviews, and research all come together is found in the amount of genetic variation that is expected within the Creation and Evolution models. This topic is one that causes many heated debates on discussion forums and is made all the more complex because the general public will sometimes use different or more general definitions of these concepts than do the technical papers of scientists.

XV. Last Updated: 09/04/2016
Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

Latest posts by Todd Elder (see all)

Enjoyed this article ? --> Share it .

If you appreciate this information, please consider donating
to help defray the costs of this website and ongoing research.