Ark Kinds

The Ark and The Flood

Exploring the Flood and the Fossil Record

The Ark Kinds are the creatures that were alive and gathered together on board Noah’s ark during the time of the flood. At the time of the flood, the pairs of animals were gathered together to keep the different kinds alive. These pairs were obviously able to mate and reproduce. This breeding ability is sometimes referred to as the ‘Noah Test’ for kinds. If they are able to have offspring, they are of the same kind.

Pre-Flood Environment

Many varieties of modern plants and animals are found in large sizes in the fossil record. These likely existed before the flood and show how conditions have changed. Just as Scripture records the lifespan of people dropped dramatically after the flood, similar probably occurred with plants and animals.

Noah’s Ark

The question is often asked if Noah’s Ark was actually big enough to contain all the animals it needed to carry (as well as food and clean water). The answers have varied as people have suggested different sizes for the ark as well as using different methods of determining how many animals actually needed to be on the ark.

Post-Flood Conditions

According to a scriptural timeline, about 4,300 years have passed since the time of the flood. This probably included an ice age shortly after the period of the flood. During this time, rapid diversification would have occurred within animal kinds as they spread out and moved into new habitats. This diversification is not a sign of evolution in progress, but is instead simply the breeding out of characteristics that already exist within the animals.

The Fossil Record

Within a creationist view, many things can be expected under the conditions of such a flood because floods are known for laying down rocks and fossils. First, the fossils should show catastrophic and rapid formation, there should be clearly defined kinds of plants and animals with no transition forms in between, and both simple and complex organisms should exist from the beginning. Second, larger fossils should become polystrate in position as the flood layers quickly settle into place. Third, there should be human artifacts to be found in the fossil record. Furthermore, there would likely be layering where sea life is buried first. The bodies of animals and humans would be less likely because of rotting and decaying.


Some have questioned whether or not the Ark would have been big enough to hold the dinosaurs since some of these creatures weigh many tons. The simplest answer to this situation is to remember that Noah did not necessarily have to carry adult animals on the Ark, but instead could have carried babies or young animals which would be much smaller. Furthermore, it is estimated that only about 50 Kinds of dinosaurs are now known with most of them being small in size.

VIII. Last Updated: 01/01/2016
Todd Elder

Todd Elder

Todd Elder has a deep desire to understand and experience Creation. As a Baraminologist, his current research includes developing the Katagenos Species Concept, the Natanzera Classification System, and the Floral Formula Method of determining Plant Kinds. As an author and speaker, his books and seminar materials are designed to encourage a growing relationship with the Creator.
Todd Elder

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